I dare not think of this happened so early in 2016, since in 1990 the Punan in Kakus were slightly well-off compared to other Punan communities in the country.
In 1980 when a logging company started its operation in Kakus, many gained employment at a nearby logging camp. Several were involved in the harvesting of birdnest at Bekuyat when it price picking up in the 1990s. Birdnest has always been a major source of income for Punan people in Kakus and Pandan since Brooke administration.
The Punan migrated to Kakus several hundred years ago and the first Punan appointed as Penghulu was Nyipa. He died in 1895 and is the great-grandfather of Ado Bilong – the current head woman of Punan Kakus. He was among the richest Punan due to his control of birdnest sources at Bekuyat.
However, the opening up of acacia plantation by Borneo Pulp and Paper in late 1990s led to the acquisition of thousand of hectares of Punan communal (NCL) and native customary rights (NCR) lands along the Kakus River – leaving only the land surrounding their villages for them. Then followed by the tussle over the right to birdnest harvest among themselves and involvement of thugs in the disputes made the thing from bad to worst. Things will never be the same again, thereafter for the Punan Kakus communities.